Friday, May 22, 2020

Great Depression and New Deal Study Guide - 1119 Words

Great Depression and New Deal Study Guide: Events Causes/Effects of the Great Depression: widespread banking failures. The banks invested people’s money in the stock market and created major losses. Goals of the New Deal- three goals: relief for the needy, economic recovery, and financial reform Causes of the Dust Bowl The Bonus Army The Crash of 1929 People Herbert Hoover- was the president at the start of the great depression. He was the republican nominee but he realized later that he had no more he could do. Franklin D. Roosevelt- was the democratic nominee for office against President Hoover; he was known popularly as FDR, a two-term governor of New York and a distant cousin of former President Theodore Roosevelt.†¦show more content†¦The TVA renovated five existing dams and constructed 20 new ones, created thousands of jobs, and provided flood control, hydroelectric power, and other benefits to an impoverish region. | Civilian Conservation Corps- To put young men aged 18 to 25 to work building roads, developing parks, planting trees, and helping in soil-erosion and flood-control projects. Taught men and women to live independently, thus increasing their self esteem. Almost 3 million young men had passed through the CCC. The CCC paid a small wage of $30 a month with $25 automatically sent home to the worker’s family. It also supplied free food, uniforms and lodging in work camps. | Agricultural Adjustment Act- To raise crop prices by lowering production. Governm ent paid farmers to leave a certain amount of every acre of land unseeded. Government paid cotton grower $200 million to plow under 10 million acres of their crop. Complaints that it was destroying food when people were starving. | Emergency Banking Relief Act- authorized the treasury department to inspect the country’s banks. Those that were sound could reopen at once; those that were insolvent- unable to pay their debts- would remain closed. Those that needed help could receive loans. This revived public confidence in banks. | National Industrial Recovery Act- Was believed to have given the federal government too much control over agriculture and industry. Declared unconstitutional after the fact. TheShow MoreRelatedTeaching Philosophy Is Perennialism: An Opinion Essay1020 Words   |  4 PagesA philosophy provides a framework for thinking and guides professional practice, (p. 219). My teaching philosophy is perennialism, and it will help me to address the lack of motivation to learn beyond the boundaries of the rote methods that these students have been trained to work with, due in large part to No Child Left Behind. As a perennialist, I believe in time-honored absolutes when it comes to my instructional methods and approach (p. 219). It is not the fault of these students that theyRead MoreStress in the Workplace is a Health Issue1246 Words   |  5 PagesTHE WORKPLACE In a point in our lives we all experience stress and many questions arrive to what initiates stress? what harm does it do? and how to deal with it? But, whether is at home, college or most commonly at work it’s normal to end up mentally and physically burnt-out at any job and experience stress, especially if the person is at an entry-level. Work overload, spending long hours with little result, pressure when meeting deadlines, problems getting along with co-workers, difficult tasksRead MoreEssay about Disadvantages of Adolescent Communication on Facebook894 Words   |  4 Pagesdangers it can bring to adolescents. The primary audience will be parents of adolescent children. This research will explore the disadvantages of adolescent communication on Facebook media. Focusing on Cyberbullying, Sexting, and Facebook Depression, looking at how this behavior can have a negative impact on them. Cyberbullying Traditional adolescent bullying in the 70’s and 80’s of threats to do bodily harm to another adolescent either before school, after school, on the playgroundRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Abnormal Psychology1527 Words   |  7 Pagesparent and child but rather on the progression through this relationship and the child’s unconscious, internal desires and drives. According to Fincham, Foster Hewstone (2005: 317), an example of this could be â€Å"if an adult male found himself unable to deal with authority figures, this might be interpreted as unresolved aggressive impulses towards his father. Whether his father behaved as a harsh authority figure or not would be considered less relevant†. As a result, Freud coined the idea that abnormalRead MoreWhat Is Bipolar Disorder?.1101 Words   |  5 PagesWhat is Bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder, formerly known as manic-depression, is a mental disorder. This condition primarily affects your mood and can cause extreme mood swings from elation to depression. Individuals with bipolar disorder can experience serious changes in thinking, energy and behaviour. If you have bipolar disorder you are likely to experience what are referred to as ‘episodes’ or states. The differentRead MoreThe Nostalgic Memories Of Nostalgia972 Words   |  4 Pagesthem overcome their feeling of loneliness. Nostalgia also serves as a coping mechanism to help people feel better about themselves. A study showed that subjects who thought of nostalgic memories showed a greater accessibility of positive characteristics than those who thought of exciting future experiences. Nostalgia also helps improve one’s self esteem. In a study, Routledge and his colleagues found that nostalgia correlat e’s to the positively with one’s sense of meaning of life. Another advantageRead MoreThe Disease And Chronic Kidney Disease ( Ckd )1679 Words   |  7 Pageshypertension; both of which are risk factors for CKD (CDC, 2014). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diabetes and hypertension are the leading causes of kidney failure in the United States. In 2011, approximately 44% of new cases of kidney failure, as a primary diagnosis, were attributed to diabetes with an additional 28% attributed to hypertension. Adults with diabetes, hypertension, or both have a higher risk of developing CKD than those without these diseases. (CDCRead MoreJamie1634 Words   |  7 PagesIn this essay I will analyse in reference to the case study, how psychological theory informs our understanding of mental health disorders. I have chosen the following two theories to analyse, Psychodynamic and Cognitive. I will also evaluate how certain therapies such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Psychotherapy may help or change a depressed person’s behaviour. Depression is a potentially disabling illness that affects many, but is understood by few. Suffers often do not recogniseRead MoreThe Depression Of Older Adult Depression1667 Words   |  7 PagesAs the number of the older adults is increasing so are those living with depression; therefore, it is important that perceptions around older adult depression be studied. According to the study done by the US Department of Commerce, it is estimated that the older adult population will more than likely double by 2050 and of 80 million and many as 1 in 5 Americans would be considered as an older adult (US Department of Commerce, 1995). There are many losses that accompany the aging process. These includeRead MoreThe Development Of An Integrated Treatment For Veterans With Comorbid Chronic Pain1212 Words   |  5 Pagespain. This qualitative study uses a descriptive design, along with a phenomenological method, by integrating treatment of chronic pain and PTSD through the use of cognitive b ehavioral therapy (CBT) and Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) (Otis et al., 2009). The Research Purpose and Design Researchers gained an understanding of appropriate treatment for veterans who suffer from chronic pain and PTSD by integrating a treatment approach of CBT and CPT. The purpose of the study is to create an effective

Saturday, May 9, 2020

The Benefits of Essay Topics on Education

The Benefits of Essay Topics on Education The New Angle On Essay Topics on Education Just Released Consider the actions you should take so as to improve the caliber of your life. If you are going to compose an argumentative essay, the very first thing you have to do is to understand its primary features and structure. Since you can see they're in a particular order for a reason. Moreover, aside from economic prosperity and success, surely, there are many reasons why education is quite valuable especially in the present world. There are invariably a wide variety of opinions on the field of technology, and here are our favourite things to consider on the subject. Professional custom writing service provides high quality and absolutely It could possibly be difficult to compose a kind of essay for the very first time. Deciding upon a simple topic may prove to be an incorrect track because you might have difficulties finding credible sources to support your views. The huge emphasis on the liberal education in colleges may be useless for those who orient to discover the job in the technical sphere. Education scholars are continuously evolving the way that they think about how we learn and what's taught. English language classes usually want a lot of writing. Indeed, education is considered a rope that carries somebody to greatness. The Hidden Truth About Essay Topics on Education Conflict and disasters influence a number of distinct things. You must identify what you wish to write in your essay. Other people think that it has to be managed by individuals. Having a disability doesn't signify that you're different. If you successfully determine the goal of language essay than you need to guarantee the subject of language essay should fit in the goal. Also, you can look for sample expository essay topics so you will understand what to research and that which you will deal with. Argumentative essay topics are so important since they are debatableand it's important to at all times be critically contemplating the world around us. Relevant Topics that are related to your society will engage the reader in the most effective possible way. There's well-known that you aren't going to have the ability to compose a superior insightful research paper if you're not interested in the subject overall and in this issue specifically. What you should do is to explore the topic. There are many steps which you should take so as to compose an exceptional essay. When it has to do with writing an argumentative essay, the most essential issue to do is to select a topic and an argument you may really get behind. If you're clueless as to the way to begin an essay or whether you need suggestions regarding topics, our sample essay education can be of some assistance to you. To compose a strong argumentative essay, students should start by familiarizing themselves with a number of the common, and frequently conflicting, positions on the research topic so they can write an educated paper. The subject of education makes for a fantastic persuasive style essay. Following are a few of the suggested sociology essay topic for those students that are unable to decide on a great topic for their assignment. It is rather simple to learn to compose an introduction for a research essay. You have to be certain to understand everything clearly once you select an essay topic. The essay needs to have a clearly defined thesis statement depending on the topic of your essay. An argumentative essay is a certain sort of academic writing. The more you fully grasp the simpler it's for you to compose a thriving research paper. Education research paper topics provide education majors an option of samples about how to compose projects that range from Adult Learning Theories to Early Education Literacy. You should begin with your research. The entire research should be constructed around or from the subject.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Family Friends Free Essays

Families look forward to vacation time it is always exciting. The family has to choose where they will vacation. There are things to consider when picking the right vacation location that everyone in the family will enjoy. We will write a custom essay sample on Family Friends or any similar topic only for you Order Now Two common-places families choose for vacation is Disney, and a cruise. Both places have a variety of activities, which are fun. The cruise offers activities that Disney cannot offer and Disney offers activities the cruise cannot offer. Disney, and the cruise are totally different. This essay will compare and contrast the types of activities, climate, and the locations of Disney and the cruise. Both vacation locations have a variety to offer, and the choice will depend on what the family is seeking to accomplish on vacation. First, the tree aspects of Disney are types of activities, climate, and location. It is important for a vacation to be enjoyable that the climate is pleasant. The hot weather in Florida is the first barrier to enjoying Disney, but the temperature and climate in Florida determines the types of activities Disney offers. Florida is a place that is always hot, and during the summer it rains every day. Disney is on land and the only water involvement is the water theme parks. A person can choose not to participate in the water activities if he or she cannot swim. The rain, however; does not mess up the vacation plans because the sun shines most of the time. The theme parks, water parks, shopping, and eating with characters are some of the activities the family can enjoy in Disney. Disney brings out the child in every adult, and children literally lose him or herself in the activities. Fun and sun are two words that describe Disney. The night life in Disney is fun however; the excitement is during the day. Second, the three aspects of a cruise are types of activities, climate, and location. The climate for a cruise is both warm, and cold, and it is important depending on where a person wants to travel. If a person dislikes the ocean, he or she may have a hard time on a cruise. Another issue for a cruise is becoming sea sick and not participating in the activities. The sea and the warm climate determine the available activities on a cruise. Gambling, nightclubs, formal dinners, and excursions are some activities individuals enjoy when going on a cruise. The night life on the cruise is the exciting part for adults and the day life is more exciting for the children. In some of the cities the cruise docks restaurants, dancing, and parties are everywhere. There are many cruise lines and locations people can go and have a vacation to remember. Royal Caribbean, Norwegian, and Carnival are cruise lines that families can travel with, and have fun. There are cruises for the entire family and for adults only. Releted essay –Â  An Empty Purse Frightens Away Friends Depending on what a person is trying to experience a cruise has a variety of locations to offer. With a cruise the family can travel outside the country and experience other cultures. No matter which place a family decides to choose fun is a guarantee. Families often choose one of two locations to spend their vacation. Much preparation goes into the vacation planning, and depending on which activities, location, and climate the choice is made. Sometimes taking a risk on a different vacation spot can be fun and exciting. Disney is one location, and a cruise can offer a variety of different locations. When an individual thinks of Disney, he or she thinks family, Mickey Mouse, theme parks, and hot. When an individual thinks of a cruise, he or she thinks of partying, drinking, and a getaway from the children. Expanding and changing the mind to enjoy where ever, a person vacations is rewarding. Fun and excitement is the ultimate goal of any vacation. Family vacations bring the family closer together, and this is a time for bonding. How to cite Family Friends, Essay examples

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Should Democracy Be Adopted by All Nations

Introduction Democracy refers to a system of government in which citizens participate in decision-making and decide how they want to be governed (Cheibu Dahl 2003). It gives citizens an opportunity to contribute in maters that determine the course of their lives. Democracy allows citizens to participate in the process of making laws either directly or indirectly through elected representatives (Burns et al 2001).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Should Democracy Be Adopted by All Nations? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Political self-determination is one of the most vital aspects of democracy. This is because democracy encompasses economic, social, and cultural aspects of people’s lives. Other forms of government include monarchy, aristocracy, or oligarchy. In a monarchy, power is held by one individual while in an oligarchy, power is in the hands of a few people who make all decisions (Burns et al 2001) . Democracy should be adopted in all nations because it promotes equality, freedom, and peace. Freedom Aristotle described democracy as a form of freedom that allows citizens to live, as they resolve because the will of the majority prevails (Cheibu Dahl 2003). In a democracy, there is a government and a constitution that guides citizens in order to promote peace and tranquility. However, they should not pose as obstacles to liberty and freedom. Even though democracy exists, its execution in some nations applies partially (Burns et al 2001). As such, there is widespread violation of human rights and denial of freedom. Freedom is one of the main objectives of adopting democracy in a nation (Cheibu Dahl 2003). A nation should adopt democracy because it promotes freedom, as well as giving citizens power and authority to make laws that govern them (Christiano, 2004). During the process of making laws, the needs and preferences of citizens are considered and incorporated in to the laws . This is in contrast to other forms of government in which a few individuals make laws on behalf of citizens. Equality All nations should adopt democracy because it builds on the principle of equality (Christiano, 2004). All citizens are equal and are supposed to enjoy similar social, economic, and political rights. This implies that the government should not discriminate against any citizen or group of citizens because of their religion, ethnicity, or gender (Geer Schiller 2011).Advertising Looking for essay on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Democracy promotes equality because every citizen is equal before the law. One of the main components of a democracy is a constitution. A constitution ensures that every citizen enjoys similar rights as everyone else, as well as equal treatment despite their race, religion, gender, or socio-economic class (Lijphart 2012). Historians have argued whether true att ainment of democracy is possible. In many countries, several aspects that include level of education, gender, ethnical affiliation, and economic status hinder democracy. Greed for money by the elite, who oppress the poor despite existence of democracy, has greatly hindered its adoption (Lijphart 2012). Freedom to make laws and participate in governance gives citizens a sense of belonging (Geer Schiller 2011). It bestows upon them the feeling that they are responsible for their own welfare and should therefore participate in creating laws. In other government forms, the leader possesses power to make laws according to his/her wishes. This has led to grave misuse of power as witnessed in countries such as Iraq, Egypt, and Cuba where democracy is not recognized (Mill, 2009). By participating in elections, citizens get an opportunity to elect leaders that they feel possess the best qualities for leadership. In a democracy, people chose their own leaders, unlike in other forms of govern ment. Democracy creates a feeling of obligation and responsibility in citizens (Ross 2006). They have a responsibility to elect good leaders to lead their nation, and an obligation to participate in elections. This gives them a feeling of belonging because they decide the government that governs their nation. This applies through elections and referendums. Democracy gives all citizens the opportunity assume leadership positions (Mill, 2009). Any citizen can vie for an elective post and represent other citizens in the government. This encourages fair competition and responsibility, which are necessary for promotion of democracy. Responsible and stable administration One of the main benefits of democracy is that its statutes promote and advocate for a stable and responsible government (Ross 2006). A study of major democracies in the world revels that stability, efficiency, growth, and firmness are the main characteristics of democracy. Democracy forms a firm and responsible government because it is based on the wishes of citizens.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Should Democracy Be Adopted by All Nations? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In addition, leaders are accountable to citizens who elect them into office. In representative democracy, elected leaders make informed decisions based on ideas and opinions of the people (Ross 2006). Elected representatives are responsible because if they fail to fulfill the wishes of their electorate, they remove them from power when they participate in elections after a certain period. A stable administration means that there is little chance of revolution. Democracy is primarily based on the will of the people. Therefore, there is low possibility that people might revolt against the government except in cases of violation of the democratic rights of citizens. Democracy has been shown to be the most stable and effective form of government because it funct ions on consensus (Shapiro Corsdn 1999). Any critical decision undergoes the scrutiny of the public before implementation. The benefits of democracy are evident from observation of democracies such as the United States. The US has grown tremendously over the last few decades because it upholds democratic ideals (Shapiro Corsdn 1999). This has enabled it to become the most powerful nation in the world. A similar case applies with countries in the Europe that have embraced democracy. Their rule was characterized by abuse of power, corruption, wars, and violation of human rights. However, this changed when they turned to democracy. Russia has been through many forms of government than any other European country. Anarchy resulted in communism, and monarchy ended in violence (Shapiro Corsdn 1999). The formation of a communism government had adverse effects on countries of the USSR. The economy deteriorated and many countries experienced extended periods of abject poverty. However, aft er they embraced democracy, they were able to rebuild Russia and regain stability and economic prosperity. Better governance Another reason why all nations should adopt democracy is the profundity of corruption of power (Schumpeter 2003). In essence, power is not corrupting, but when an individual assumes power, there is high possibility that they will misuse it. This observation applies in monarchies where one individual possess all the power.Advertising Looking for essay on international relations? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In case the individual results to misuse of power, this results in adverse effects such as deterioration of the economy, wars, famine, and corruption. This affects the whole government. This is in contrast to a democratic form of government. Abuse of power by an individual does not crumble a governance system due to even distribution of duties and responsibilities (Schumpeter 2003). Power is in the hands of many people. Therefore, it is difficult for an individual to corrupt the system with power. The advantage of democracy is that people form the government. Therefore, it is not possible for the will of the government to conflict with the will of the people (Schumpeter 2003). In other forms of government, the will of the people always conflicts with the will of the leaders. This is because citizens do not get an opportunity to give their opinions or to voice their concerns. Counterargument Despite being the best form of government, democracy has flaws too. These include misappropri ation of public funds, promotion of dictatorship of the majority, lowering of moral standards, disinterest by voters in elections, and capitalism (Smith 1996). Despite these flaws, democracy is the best form of government. Advantages of democracy outweigh the disadvantages. Conclusion Democracy has been labeled the best system of government that any nation can embrace. It has certain weaknesses but it is more stable, efficient, and stronger than other systems such as monarchies and oligarchies. All nations should adopt democracy because of several reasons. These include stability and efficient administration, promotion of freedom, equality of all citizens, equal opportunity to power, and responsible administration. Benefits of democracy are evident for observing democracies such as the US and European countries. Through democracy, they have been able to achieve growth and prosperity that has placed them among the most prosperous and powerful nations in the world. References Burns, J , Pelatson, J., Cronin, T Magleby, B 2001, Government by the People, Prentice Hall, New York. Cheibu, A Dahl, R 2003, The Democracy Sourcebook, MIT Press, London. Christiano, T 2004, The Authority of Democracy, Journal of Political Philosophy, vol.12 no.3, pp. 266-290. Geer, J Schiller, W 2011, Gateways to Democracy: Introduction to American Government, Cengage Learning, New York. Lijphart, A 2012, Patterns of Democracy: Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries, Yale University Press, New York. Mill, J 2009, Representative Government, GRIN Verlag, New York. Ross, M 2006, Is Democracy Good for the Poor, American Journal of Political Science, vol.50 no.4, pp. 860-874. Schumpeter, J 2003, Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, Taylor Francis, New York. Shapiro, I Corsdn, C 1999, Democracy’s Values, Cambridge University Press, London. Smith, b 1996, Sustainable Local Democracy, Public Administration and Development, vol. 16 no.2, pp. 163-178. This essay on Should Democracy Be Adopted by All Nations? was written and submitted by user Silas Richards to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 20, 2020

How to Conjugate the Verb Sentire in Italian

How to Conjugate the Verb Sentire in Italian To hearTo feelTo senseTo seeTo smellTo tasteTo call What to Know About â€Å"​Sentire† It’s a regular third  conjugation verb, so it follows the typical -ire verb ending pattern.It’s a transitive verb, so it takes a direct object.The infinito is â€Å"sentire†.The participio passato is â€Å"sentito†.The gerund form is â€Å"sentendo†.The past gerund form is â€Å"essendo sentito†. INDICATIVO/INDICATIVE Il presente io sento noi sentiamo tu senti voi sentite lui, lei, Lei sente essi, Loro sentono Ad esempio: Lo senti quel profumo? È meraviglioso! - Do you smell that scent? It’s amazing! Il passato prossimo io ho sentito noi abbiamo sentito tu hai sentito voi avete sentito lui, lei, Lei ha sentito essi, Loro hanno sentito Ad esempio: Abbiamo appena sentito un rumore di sotto! L’hai sentito anche tu? - We just heard a noise downstairs! Did you also hear it? L’imperfetto io sentivo noi sentivamo tu sentivi voi sentivate lui, lei, Lei sentiva essi, Loro sentivano Ad esempio: Da bambino quando sentivo il profumo di gelsomino, sapevo che la mamma era vicina. - As a kid whenever I smelled jasmine, I knew my mother was nearby. Il trapassato prossimo Io avevo sentito noi avevamo sentito tu avevi sentito voi avevate sentito lui, lei, Lei aveva sentito essi, Loro avevano sentito Ad esempio: Aveva gi sentito le notizie quando Marco gli ha telefonato. - He had already heard the news when Marco called him. Il passato remoto io sentii noi sentimmo tu sentisti voi sentiste lui, lei, Lei sent essi, Loro sentirono Ad esempio: Non sentà ¬ mai cià ² che dissi.   - He never heard what I said. Il trapassato remoto io ebbi sentito noi avemmo sentito tu avesti sentito voi aveste sentito lui, lei, Lei ebbe sentito essi, Loro ebbero sentito TIP: This tense is rarely used, so don’t worry too much about mastering it. You’ll find it in very sophisticated writing. Il futuro semplice io sentir noi sentiamo tu sentirai voi sentiate lui, lei, Lei sentir essi, Loro sentano Ad esempio: Non ci crederà ² finchà © non lo sentirà ² da lui. - I won’t believe it until I hear it from him. Il futuro anteriore io avr sentito noi avremo sentito tu avrai sentito voi avrete sentito lui, lei, Lei avr sentito essi, Loro avranno sentito Ad esempio: Avrai sentito parlare molto del suo nuovo fidanzato. - You must have heard a lot about her new boyfriend. CONGIUNTIVO/SUBJUNCTIVE Il presente che io senta che noi sentiamo che tu senta che voi sentiate che lui, lei, Lei senta che essi, Loro sentano Ad esempio: Voglio che Marta si senta sicura. - I want Marta to feel safe. Il passato io abbia sentito noi abbiamo sentito tu abbia sentito voi abbiate sentito lui, lei, Lei abbia sentito essi, Loro abbiano sentito Ad esempio: Immagino abbiate sentito le notizie, vero? - I guess you all have heard the news, right? L’imperfetto io sentissi noi sentissimo tu sentissi voi sentiste lui, lei, Lei sentisse essi, Loro sentissero Ad esempio: Non volevamo che si sentisse sola. - We didn’t want to her to feel lonely. Il trapassato prossimo io avessi sentito noi avessimo sentito tu avessi sentito voi aveste sentito lui, lei, Lei avesse sentito essi, Loro avessero sentito Ad esempio: Non sapevo che ci avesse sentito parlare della festa. - I didn’t know he heard us talking about the party. CONDIZIONALE/CONDITIONAL Il presente io sentirei noi sentiremmo tu sentiresti voi sentireste lui, lei, Lei sentirebbe essi, Loro sentirebbero Ad esempio: Se fossi in te, sentirei tua madre. - If I were you, I’d call your mom. Esempi: Il passato io avrei sentito noi avremmo sentito tu avresti sentito voi avreste sentito lui, lei, Lei avrebbe sentito essi, Loro avrebbero sentito Ad esempio: Se lui fosse arrivato due minuti prima, avrebbe sentito il mio segreto. - If he had arrived two minutes before, he would have heard my secret.

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

An Interpretation of Langston Hughes Early Autumn

An Interpretation of Langston Hughes Early Autumn Langston Hughes (1902-1967) is best known for writing poems like The Negro Speaks of Rivers or Harlem. Hughes has also written plays, nonfiction, and short stories such as Early Autumn.  The latter originally appeared in the Chicago Defender on September  30, 1950, and was later included in his 1963 collection, Something in Common and Other Stories. It has also been featured  in a collection called The Short Stories of Langston Hughes, edited by Akiba Sullivan Harper. What Flash Fiction Is At fewer than 500 words, Early Autumn is yet another example of flash fiction written before anyone was using the term flash fiction.  Flash fiction is a very short and brief version of fiction that is generally a few hundred words or less as a whole. These types of stories are also known as sudden, micro, or quick fiction and can include elements of poetry or narrative.  Writing flash fiction can be done by using just a few characters, shortening a story, or starting in the middle of a plot.   With this analysis of the plot, a point of view, and other aspects of the story, the following will lead to a better understanding of Early Autumn.   A Plot Involving  Exes Two former lovers, Bill and Mary, cross paths in Washington Square in New York. Years have passed since they last saw each other. They exchange pleasantries about their jobs and their children, each of them perfunctorily inviting the others family to visit. When Marys bus arrives, she boards and is overwhelmed by all the things she has failed to say to Bill, both in the present moment (her address, for instance), and presumably, in life. The Story Begins With a Point of View of the Characters The narrative starts with a brief, neutral history of Bill and Marys relationship. Then, it moves to their current reunion, and the omniscient narrator gives us some details from each characters point of view. Almost the only thing Bill can think about is how old Mary looks. The audience is told, At first he did not recognize her, to him she looked so old. Later, Bill struggles to find something complimentary to say about Mary with, Youre looking very ... (he wanted to say old) well. Bill seems uncomfortable (a little frown came quickly between his eyes) to learn that Mary is living in New York now. Readers get the impression that he hasnt thought much about her in recent years and is not enthusiastic about having her back in his life in any way. Mary, on the other hand, seems to harbor affection for Bill, even though she was the one who left him and married a man she thought she loved. When she greets him, she lifts her face, as if wanting a kiss, but he just extends his hand. She seems disappointed to learn that Bill is married. Finally, in the last line of the story, readers learn that her youngest child is also named Bill, which indicates the extent of her regret for ever having left him. The Symbolism of the Early Autumn Title in the Story At first, it seems obvious that Mary is the one who is in her autumn. She looks noticeably old, and in fact, she is older than Bill. Autumn represents a time of loss, and Mary clearly feels a sense of loss as she desperately reach[es] back into the past. Her emotional loss is emphasized by the setting of the story. The day is almost over and its getting cold. Leaves fall inevitably from the trees, and throngs of strangers pass Bill and Mary as they talk. Hughes writes, A great many people went past them through the park. People they didnt know. Later, as Mary boards the bus, Hughes re-emphasizes the idea that Bill is irrevocably lost to Mary, just as the falling leaves are irrevocably lost to the trees from which they have fallen. People came between them outside, people crossing the street, people they didnt know. Space and people. She lost sight of Bill. The word early in the title is tricky. Bill too will be old one day, even if he cant see it at this moment. If Mary is undeniably in her autumn, Bill might not even recognize that he is in his early autumn. and he is the one most shocked by Marys aging. She takes him by surprise at a time in his life when he might have imagined himself immune to winter. A Spark of Hope and Meaning in a Turning Point of the Story Overall, Early Autumn feels sparse, like a tree nearly bare of leaves. The characters are at a loss for words, and readers can feel it. There is one moment in the story that feels noticeably different from the rest: Suddenly the lights came on up the whole length of Fifth Avenue, chains of misty brilliance in the blue air. This sentence marks a turning point in many ways: First, it signals the end of Bill and Marys attempt at conversation, startling Mary into the present.If the lights symbolize truth or revelation, then their sudden brightness represents the irrefutable passage of time and the impossibility of ever recovering or re-doing the past. That the lights run the whole length of Fifth Avenue further emphasizes the completeness of this truth; there is no way to escape the passage of time.Its worth noting that the lights turn on right after Bill says, You ought to see my kids and grins. Its a surprisingly unguarded moment, and its the only expression of genuine warmth in the story. Its possible that his and Marys children might represent those lights, being the brilliant chains that link the past with an ever-hopeful future.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Consent to Search Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4500 words

Consent to Search - Research Paper Example While there are a number of reasons why a police officer might prefer to obtain consent as opposed to warrant, it is less clear why an individual would voluntarily consent to the inconvenience of a police search. This paper analyses the consent to search issue and considers why policy resort to consent searches as an investigative tool, why individuals might voluntarily consent to a search and how consent searches benefit the public. Consent Searches as a Police Investigative Tool According to Stack police largely rely on consent searches at the airport in their efforts to interdict illicit drug trafficking (183). Police suspicions are usually aroused as to who might be a likely drug trafficker based on the latter’s â€Å"conformity† to police â€Å"drug courier profiles† of persons involved in the illicit drug trade (Stack, 183). This suspicion would not usually be sufficient to obtain a search warrant on the grounds of probable cause or reasonable suspicion tha t the individual is about to or has committed a criminal offence. Even if, the officer had probable cause, it would be counterproductive for the police to apply for and go through the process of obtaining a search warrant as the individual will likely leave the airport or take a flight outside of the jurisdiction in the meantime (Stack, 183-184). According to Nadler and Trout, police investigative practices in the US typically involve â€Å"on-the-fly searches† as a means of detecting â€Å"evidence of crime† (328). In other words, these types of searches are impromptu and not incidental to an existing criminal investigation. Police are: †¦acting on their instincts and training regarding a person’s appearance or behavior or even presence in a particular place (Nadler and Trout, 328). For the most part, consent searches are obtained during routinely made traffic stops. In a typical case, the police will often stop a driver for a minor traffic infraction such as a flawed tail-light, changing lanes without a signal or for exceeding the speed limit. When police officers stop a motorist for a minor traffic infraction it is not usually because of the perceived danger of these infractions, but for the â€Å"opportunity† the stop provides for â€Å"investigating suspicious citizens† (Nadler and Trout, 329). Even where police stop an individual in a routine traffic stop on a hunch that the individual is likely in possession of illegal drugs, the stop is not unlawful if there is evidence of an actual traffic violation (Whren v US, 806). According to Nadler and Trout, the federal government awards significant funding to local police departments as a means of advancing the nation’s war on drugs (329). Therefore, local police departments have a significant incentive for interdicting drugs and this accounts for the large reliance on motorists consent to be searched and have their vehicles searched in routine traffic stops (Nadl er and Trout, 329). Consent searches are necessitated where there is no probable cause or where there are no reasonable grounds to suspect that a crime is being committed or was committed (Nadler and Trout, 230). In addition to passengers at the airport and drivers in traffic